Independence Days Around the World

 Afghanistan 1919[1] United Kingdom Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919 or Treaty of Rawalpindi, an armistice between the United Kingdom and Afghanistan during the Third Anglo-Afghan War[2]
 Albania 1912[1] Ottoman Empire Albanian Declaration of Independence. The following day, November 29, is celebrated as the Liberation Day and commemorates the end of the German occupation in 1944.[3]
 Algeria 1962[1] France Algeria gained independence following the Algerian War and the Algerian independence referendum. France officially recognized independent Algeria on July 3, but the Independence Day is celebrated on July 5, the day of the fall of Algiers in 1830 and the beginning of French Algeria.[4][5]
 Andorra
 Angola 1975[1] Portugal The Alvor Agreement, signed on 15 January 1975, granted Angola independence from Portugal on 11 November, ending the Angolan War of Independence.[6]
 Antigua and Barbuda 1981[1] United Kingdom The effective date of the Antigua Termination of Association Order passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom in July[7][8]
 Argentina 1816[9] Spanish Empire Argentine Declaration of Independence
 Armenia 1918[10] Russian Empire Declaration of Independence of Armenia (1918)
1991[1] Soviet Union 1991 Armenian independence referendum
 Australia Australia Day (January 26) commemorates arrival of the First Fleet of British ships and is not an independence day.
 Austria 1955[1] Allied occupying powers (FranceUnited KingdomUnited States, and Soviet Union) Declaration of Neutrality
 Azerbaijan 1918[1] Russian Empire Declaration of Independence (Azerbaijan)
1991[11] Soviet Union Adoption of the constitutional act “On the State Independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan”[11]
 Bahamas, The 1973[1] United Kingdom Effective date of The Bahamas Independence Order 1973[12]
 Bahrain 1971[1] United Kingdom Ascension of Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa to the throne[13]
 Bangladesh 1971[1] Pakistan Proclamation of Bangladeshi Independence
 Barbados 1966[1] United Kingdom Effective date of the Barbados Independence Act 1966
 Belarus 1944[1] Nazi Germany The liberation of Minsk after several years of German occupation in 1944. Two other independence days – March 25 (proclamation of the Belarusian People’s Republic in 1918) and July 27 (independence from the Soviet Union in 1990) – are commemorated unofficially.[14]
 Belgium 1831[1] United Netherlands Ascension of Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld to the throne[15]
 Belize 1981[1] United Kingdom Effective day of the Belize Act 1981[16]
 Benin 1960[1] France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 11 creating the independent Republic of Dahomey[17]
 Bhutan
 Bolivia 1825[1] Spain Bolivian Declaration of Independence
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1992[1] Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 1992 Bosnian independence referendum
 Botswana 1966[1] United Kingdom Effective date of the Botswana Independence Act 1966[18]
 Brazil 1822[1] United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves Declaration of independence by Pedro I of Brazil (see Independence of Brazil)[19]
 Brunei 1984[1] United Kingdom Brunei gained full independence effective January 1, 1984 under the Treaty of Friendship and Co-operation of 7 January 1979 between United Kingdom and Brunei.[20] However, the celebrations of the first National Day were delayed until February 23 and that day continues to be celebrated since.[21]
 Bulgaria 1878[1] Ottoman Empire Treaty of San Stefano which created the autonomous Principality of Bulgaria[22]
1908[23] Ottoman Empire Bulgarian Declaration of Independence[23]
 Burkina Faso 1958[1] France Effective date when French Upper Volta became an autonomous republic in the French Community[1]
1960[24] France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 11 and creation of the independent Republic of Upper Volta[17]
 Burundi 1962[1] Belgium Effective date of the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1746 terminating the Ruanda-Urundi Trusteeship[25][26]
 Cambodia 1953[1] France Ceremony transferring military from French to Cambodian officials based on a military hand-over agreement reached on October 17, 1953[27][28]
 Cameroon Cameroon gained independence on January 1, 1960, but does not celebrate that date. Instead, it celebrates the National Day on May 20 commemorating the 1972 Cameroonian constitutional referendum.[29]
 Canada Canada Day on July 1 commemorates the establishment of the Dominion of Canada in 1867.[1][30]
 Cape Verde 1975[1] Portugal Effective date of the Agreement Between Portugal and Partido Africano para a Independência da Guiné e Cabo Verde (PAIGC) signed on December 18, 1974[31]
 Central African Republic 1958[1] France Effective date when Central African Republic became an autonomous republic of the French Community[32]
1960[33] France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 12[17]
 Chad 1958[34] France Effective date when Chad became an autonomous republic in the French Community[35]
1960[1] France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 12[17]
 Chile 1810[1] Spanish Empire Establishment of the Government Junta of Chile.[36] The following day, September 19, is celebrated as the Army Day.[37] The two holidays collectively are known as Fiestas Patrias.[38]
 China National Day commemorates the founding of the People’s Republic of China on October 1, 1949.[1]
 Colombia 1810[1] Spanish Empire Colombian Declaration of Independence
 Comoros 1975[1] France Unilateral declaration of independence by the Chamber of Deputies of Comoros following the 1974 Comorian independence referendum[39]
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the 1960[1] Belgium Effective date of the Treaty of Friendship, Assistance and Co-operation between Belgium and the Congo concluded on June 29, 1960[40]
 Congo, Republic of the 1958[41] France Effective date when Congo became an autonomous republic in the French Community[41]
1960[1] France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 12.[17]
 Costa Rica 1821[1] Spanish Empire Act of Independence of Central America[42]
 Croatia 1990[44] SFR Yugoslavia First session of the Croatian Parliament following the 1990 Croatian parliamentary election.[44] October 8 (when the parliament adopted a decision to sever constitutional relations with Yugoslavia in 1991) and June 25 (when the parliament voted for independence in 1991) were also celebrated as independence days.[1] After the 2019 changes to the law on public holidays, October 8 is the Parliament Day and June 25 is the Independence Day, but they are memorial days and not public holidays.[43]
 Cuba 1868[46] Spanish Empire Call to rebellion (known as Grito de Yara) by sugar planter Carlos Manuel de Cespedes that led to the Ten Years’ War for independence[47]
 Cyprus 1955[48] United Kingdom 1 April attacks that started the Cyprus Emergency[48]
1960[1] United Kingdom Effective date of the London-Zürich Agreements was August 16, 1960, but the public holiday was moved to October 1 to avoid summer heat and tourist season.[49]
 Czech Republic 1918[1] Austria-Hungary Independence declaration by the Czechoslovak National Council[50]
1993[51] Czechoslovakia Effective date of the Dissolution of Czechoslovakia into Czech Republic and Slovakia[52]
 Denmark
 Djibouti 1977[1] France
 Dominica 1978[1] United Kingdom
 Dominican Republic 1821 and 1844 Independence from Spain in December 1821.[53]
Independence re-declared from Haiti in 1844, after a 22-year occupation.
 East Timor 2002 Portugal East Timor was invaded by Indonesia from 1975 to 1999, officially it never ceased to be considered as administrated by Portugal.
 Ecuador 1809[1] Spanish Empire Proclaimed independence on August 10, 1809, but failed with the execution of all the conspirators of the movement on August 2, 1810.
1822 Spanish Empire Battle of Pichincha
 Egypt Unilateral Declaration of Egyptian Independence was issued on February 28, 1922, but Egypt does not celebrate this date.
 El Salvador 1821[1] Spanish Empire Act of Independence of Central America[42]
 Equatorial Guinea 1968 Spain
 Eritrea 1991[1] Ethiopia
 Estonia 1918[1] Russian Empire Estonian Declaration of Independence
1991[1] Soviet Union[54] Estonian Restoration of Independence
 Eswatini 1968[1] United Kingdom
 Ethiopia
 Fiji 1970[1] United Kingdom Instruments of Independence
 Finland 1917[1] Russian Empire Finnish Declaration of Independence
 France
 Gabon 1960 France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 15.[17]
 Gambia, The 1965 United Kingdom Effective date of the Gambia Independence Act 1964
 Georgia 1918 Russian Empire Day of the proclamation of the Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1918.
1991 Soviet Union
 Germany
 Ghana 1957 United Kingdom
 Greece 1821 Ottoman Empire Declaration of independence 1821. Start of the Greek War of Independence.
 Grenada 1974 United Kingdom
 Guatemala 1821[1] Spanish Empire Act of Independence of Central America[42]
 Guinea 1958 France
 Guinea-Bissau 1973[1] Portugal Declaration of independence during the Guinea-Bissau War of Independence[55]
 Guyana 1966 United Kingdom
 Haiti 1804[1] France Haitian Declaration of Independence
 Honduras 1821[1] Spanish Empire Act of Independence of Central America[42]
 Hungary 1989 Opening of its previously-restricted border with Austria in 1989, and establishment as a democratic parliamentary republic.
 Iceland 1944[1] Denmark Effective date of the dissolution of the Danish–Icelandic Act of Union following the 1944 Icelandic constitutional referendum[56]
 India 1947 United Kingdom Effective date of the Indian Independence Act 1947[57]
 Indonesia 1945[1] Netherlands Proclamation of Indonesian Independence
 Iran 1979 After holding a referendum, Iran officially became an Islamic republic in April 1979.
 Iraq 1932 United Kingdom
 Ireland 1916 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Proclamation of the Irish Republic commencing the Easter RisingUsually celebrated on Easter Monday.
 Israel 1948 United Kingdom and the British Mandate for Palestine Israeli Declaration of Independence on May 14, 1948 (5 Iyar 5708 in the Hebrew calendar). Yom Ha’atzmaut is celebrated on the Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday nearest to 5 Iyar, so it occurs between 3 and 6 Iyar each year; this means that the holiday can fall any time between and including April 15 and May 15, according to the Gregorian calendar.
 Italy
 Ivory Coast 1960 France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 11.[17]
 Jamaica 1962 United Kingdom Independence of Jamaica
 Japan
 Jordan 1946[1] United Kingdom Ascension of Abdullah I of Jordan to the throne[56]
 Kazakhstan 1991 Soviet Union
 Kenya 1963 United Kingdom
 Kiribati 1979 United Kingdom
 North Korea 1945 Empire of Japan Founding of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea in 1948. Korean War 1950–1953.
 South Korea 1919 Empire of Japan Korean Declaration of Independence in 1919. This day is celebrated as Samiljeol, or Independence Proclamation Day.
1945 Empire of Japan Liberation from the Empire of Japan in 1945. See Japanese Occupation of Korea. The Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea was founded in 1919. Korean War 1950–1953.
 Kuwait 1961 United Kingdom
 Kyrgyzstan 1991 Soviet Union
 Laos Laos gained autonomy from France on 19 July 1949 and full independence on 22 October 1953,[58] but those days are not celebrated as public holidays in Laos.[59] The National Day on December 2 commemorates the establishment of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic in 1975.[60]
 Latvia 1918 Russian Empire and German Empire Proclamation of independence on November 18, 1918. Latvia was part of Russian Empire prior to World War I, but its territory had been ceded to German Empire in March 1918
1990 Soviet Union On the Restoration of Independence of the Republic of Latvia
 Lebanon 1943 France
 Lesotho 1966 United Kingdom
 Liberia 1847[1] American Colonization Society Liberian Declaration of Independence
 Libya 1951 Italy Independence from Italy on February 10, 1947, released from British and French on December 24, 1951.
 Liechtenstein
 Lithuania 1918[1] Russian Empire and German Empire Act of Independence of Lithuania[1]
1990[1] Soviet Union Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania[1]
 Luxembourg
 Madagascar 1960 France
 Malawi 1964 United Kingdom
 Malaysia 1957[1] United Kingdom Malayan Declaration of Independence
 Maldives 1965 United Kingdom
 Mali 1960 France
 Malta 1964 United Kingdom
 Marshall Islands
 Mauritania 1960 France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on October 19.[17]
 Mauritius 1968 United Kingdom
 Mexico 1810[1] Spanish Empire Start of the Mexican War of Independence
 Micronesia 1986 United States Effective date of the Compact of Free Association
 Moldova 1991[1] Soviet Union Moldovan Declaration of Independence
 Monaco
 Mongolia 1911 Great Qing[62][63] Independence declared in 1911. However, the newly established Mongolian government was too weak to resist the occupation of the Republic of China in 1919 and later White Russia in early 1921. After ousting Roman von Ungern-Sternberg‘s forces, the new communist government was officially established on June 11, 1921.[64]
 Montenegro 2006 Serbia and Montenegro 2006 Montenegrin independence referendum
 Morocco 1944 France and Spain
1955 France and Spain Return of Mohammed V of Morocco from exile
 Mozambique 1975 Portugal
 Myanmar 1948[1] United Kingdom Burmese Declaration of Independence
 Namibia 1990 South Africa
 Nauru 1968 AustraliaNew Zealand and the United Kingdom
   Nepal
 Netherlands, The 1581 Spanish Empire Declaration of Independence in 1581 as the Dutch Republic
 New Zealand
 Nicaragua 1821[1] Spanish Empire Act of Independence of Central America[42]
 Niger 1960 France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 11.[17]
 Nigeria 1960 United Kingdom
 North Macedonia 1991 SFR Yugoslavia
 Norway 1814[1] Denmark National Day: Independence and the Constitution of Norway (May 17, 1814)
1905 Sweden Union Dissolution and Independence Day (June 7, 1905)
 Oman 1650 Portugal
 Pakistan 1947 United Kingdom Effective date of the Indian Independence Act 1947;[65] see also: Pakistan Day (March 23)
 Palau
 Palestine 1988 Israel Palestinian Declaration of Independence
 Panama 1821 Spain Independence Act of Panama
1903 Colombia Panama was member of the “Gran Colombia” until 1903. The 1903 separation from Colombia is celebrated as an official holiday day on November 3.
 Papua New Guinea 1975[1] Australia of the former Territory of Papua and New Guinea
 Paraguay 1811 Spanish Empire[66]
 Peru 1821 Spanish Empire
 Philippines 1898[1] Spanish Empire Philippine Declaration of Independence by Emilio Aguinaldo during the Philippine Revolution against Spain. The Philippines achieved self-rule from the United States on July 4, 1946, and celebrated July 4 as Independence Day until 1964.[69]
 Poland 1918 Russian Empire and German Empire Restoration of Poland’s independence in 1918 after 123 years of partitions by RussiaPrussia, and Austria.
 Portugal 1640 Spanish Empire Portugal was officially an autonomous state, but the country was in a personal union with the Spanish crown from 1580 to 1640 – date of the restoration of full Portuguese autonomy from Iberian Union with Spain.[70]
 Qatar 1878 Ottoman Empire
1971 United Kingdom The former is celebrated more often
 Romania 1877 Ottoman Empire Romania’s declaration of its independence, while the ultimately victorious independence war against the Ottoman Empire in 1877–1878 alongside Russia, was just beginning.[71]
 Russia
 Rwanda 1962[1] Belgium Effective date of the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1746 terminating the Ruanda-Urundi Trusteeship[25][26]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 1983[1] United Kingdom
 Saint Lucia 1979[1] United Kingdom
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1979[1] United Kingdom
 Samoa 1962[1] New Zealand
 San Marino
 São Tomé and Príncipe 1975[1] Portugal Effective date of the agreement with Portugal reached on November 26, 1974[72][73]
 Saudi Arabia
 Senegal 1960[1] France
 Serbia 1804 Ottoman Empire The beginning of First Serbian Uprising in 1804, it evolved into a Serbian Revolution, war for independence from Ottoman Empire; and the adoption of the first Constitution in 1835.
 Seychelles 1976[1] United Kingdom
 Sierra Leone 1961[1] United Kingdom
 Singapore 1965 Malaysia Proclamation of Singapore
 Slovakia 1992 Declaration of Independence in 1992 (only a remembrance day), de jure independence came on January 1, 1993 after the division of Czechoslovakia (public holiday).
 Slovenia 1991 SFR Yugoslavia Date of the release of the official results of the independence plebiscite in 1990, confirming secession from Yugoslavia. (Statehood Day) Declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.
 Solomon Islands 1978[1] United Kingdom
 Somalia 1960[1] Italy and United Kingdom Union of the Trust Territory of Somalia (former Italian Somaliland) and British Somaliland to form the Somali Republic. Event commemorated annually.
 South Africa 1931 United Kingdom Independence in 1931 in terms of the Balfour Declaration of 1926 which is not a public holiday. The Union of South Africa formed on May 31, 1910 and the Republic of South Africa declared on May 31, 1961 under minority rule during Apartheid. Majority rule achieved on April 27, 1994, which is celebrated annually as the Freedom Day.
 South Sudan 2011[1] Sudan
 Spain
 Sri Lanka 1948[1] United Kingdom
 Sudan 1956[1] Egypt and the United Kingdom
 Suriname 1975[1] Netherlands
 Sweden 1523 Celebrates the election of King Gustav Vasa in 1523 and the new constitutions in 1809 and 1974. The election of King Gustav Vasa was the de facto end of the Kalmar Union and has been seen as a formal declaration of independence.
  Switzerland 1291 Alliance against the Holy Roman Empire in 1291.
 Syria 1946[1] France End of the French Mandate of Syria in 1946.
 Tajikistan 1991[1] Soviet Union
 Tanzania 1961 United Kingdom Independence as Tanganyika
 Togo 1960[1] France
 Tonga 1970 United Kingdom Termination of protectorate status in 1970
 Trinidad and Tobago 1962[1] United Kingdom Effective date of the Trinidad and Tobago Independence Act 1962
 Tunisia 1956[1] France
 Turkey Republic Day (October 29) and National Sovereignty and Children’s Day (April 23) celebrate the founding of the Republic of Turkey, but are not independence days.
 Turkmenistan 1991 Soviet Union[74]
 Tuvalu 1978[1] United Kingdom
 Uganda 1962[1] United Kingdom
 Ukraine 1991 Soviet Union Declaration of Independence of Ukraine
1919 Russian Republic Unification of Ukraine on January 22, 1919.[75]
 United Arab Emirates 1971 United Kingdom
 United Kingdom
 United States 1776[1] Kingdom of Great Britain United States Declaration of Independence
 Uruguay 1825[1] United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata Declaration of independence and union with the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata.
 Uzbekistan 1991[1] Soviet Union
 Vanuatu 1980[1] United Kingdom and France
  Vatican City
 Venezuela 1811[1] Spanish Empire Venezuelan Declaration of Independence
 Vietnam 1945[1] Japan and France
 Yemen 1967 United Kingdom Declaration of independence as South Yemen
 Zambia 1964[1] United Kingdom Effective date of the Zambia Independence Act 1964
 Zimbabwe 1980[1] United Kingdom Effective date of the Lancaster House Agreement

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